Corrosion Resistant Steels and Alloys in the Oil & Gas Industry
Despite efforts to promote renewable resources, oil and gas will continue to be the backbone of energy supply for the next decades to come. As conventional available reserves have largely been exhausted, more difficult fields have to be explored and enhanced oil recovery methods have to be utilized in existing fields in order to keep up with the accelerating demand for oil and gas. The era of easy accessible oil and gas has ended!
The share of total oil and gas production from offshore areas has increased significantly during the past decades, and the rapid growth of ultra-deepwater production is expected to continue well into the future. Oil and gas production is more challenging today as service conditions have become increasingly severe, e.g.: higher temperatures, higher pressures, sour fields (high H2S content) with high CO2 levels. All these challenges require advanced technologies, improved equipment and high performance materials in order to ensure the smooth and especially safe production of oil and gas.
This is where Corrosion Resistant Alloys (CRAs) are coming into play, as they are better suited to meet increasingly demanding requirements in exploration and production. Thus, the demand for special alloy steels, stainless steels and nickel alloys for upstream oil and gas applications has grown substantially and this trend is expected to continue.
Stainless Steel 200 Series is referred to as stainless steel with Nickel at 1~6%.It start to be used in USA, Japan, China, South Asia and now broadly spreads to around the world. 200 series is useful
Stainless Steel 300 Series has corrosion resistance, heat resistance, and low temperature strength.It has good mechanical property.(Used wide Usages)300 series is used Home tableware, bath tub, indoor pipe, automobile part
400 Series is the general purpose and most widely used of all the Martensitic grades of stainless steels.In its annealed condition it may be drawn, formed or shaped and because it is
With the completion of its integrated steelworks, KBIS has a complete plate fabrication system that ranges from coil to thick plate products. Our production process has won approval from industrial classification approval from related credential companies for required standards.
Heat exchangers are not only found in extraction and refinery operations but also commonly found throughout the entire petrochemical supply chain including cleaning, liquefaction, condensation and regasification.
Different types of steel have different uses in the oil and gas industry. The various types of steel and their uses in the oil and gas industry are mentioned below:
This is a type of iron steel that provides complete protection against corrosion. It is used in the oil and gas industry for making flowlines, structural components, heat exchangers, umbilicals and processing equipment. There are other applications of stainless steel in the oil and gas industry. It is used in kitchen appliance and catering equipment, construction and building, and for transport purposes.
Duplex stainless steel is strong and has a high corrosion resistance and stress corrosion cracking properties. In oil and gas industry, it is used in storage tanks and pressure wells, petrochemicals, bridges, swimming pools, storage and transportation, etc.
Forged steel is generally used where its steel strength heaviness is required. It is commonly used in valves and fittings, automotive parts, hand tools and hardware, mining equipment, construction equipment, shipbuilding, etc.
Engineering steel is known as a special type of bar quality steel. It is mainly used in large equipment, shafts and bearings, drill bits, automotive parts, hand tools, industrial machinery, etc.
Carbon steel is strong and has a high resistance to wearing. It is the most widely used type of steel in the oil and gas industry. It is used in making flowlines, structural components, pipelines, platforms, etc.
Steel in some form or the other has various uses in the oil and gas industry. Apart from the ones mentioned above, there are numerous other uses of steel in this field. The professional steel fabricators can let you know of the same. As steel has so many applications and uses in the oil and gas industry, it continues to be the most common and popular metal in this industry.